(Yeah, that title is super cheesy. It was on purpose and also not because I am cheesy and I like it)
Happy post- daylight savings day and almost springtime time. Last Thursday we spent our meeting chatting and turning simple ingredients like flour and salt and water and milk into delicious food that is usually really expensive in the grocery store. Here are some pictures of us doing that and the recipes we followed!
1 1/2 tsp citric acid
1 1/4 cups cool water (filtered or boiled)
1 gallon whole milk (not ultra-pasturized)
1/3 teaspoon liquid rennet
4 tablespoons kosher salt
- Ice a large, heavy pot. Combine the citric acid with one cup of the water in a 2-cup liquid measuring cup. Add the milk to the pot. Slowly pour the citric acid mixture into the milk, gently stirring with a slotted spoon for 15 seconds. Set the pot over medium heat, attach a cheese or candy thermometer to the pot, and heat the milk to 90F, stirring every 2 to 3 minutes. This will take about 10 minutes, and the milk with start to curdle. Remove the pot from heat.
- Combine the rennet with the remaining 1/4 cup water in the liquid measure. Pour the rennet mixture into the milk, and gently stir with a scooping motion for 30 seconds. Cover the pot and let sit for 5 minutes. The curds will solidify into on mass that looks like tofu or custard. Press your finger about 1/2 inch into the curd. If it comes out mostly clean, the curd is ready to cut. Otherwise, check again in two minutes.
- With the curd still in the pot, cut it into 2-inch cubes: place a long knife 2 inches from the left side of the pot and draw it through the curd toward you in a straight line, taking care to cut to the bottom of the curd. Continue with parallel lines to the first in 2-inch increments. Turn the pot 90 degrees, and repeat so you have a grid. Then, make 2-inch diagonal cuts at 45 degree angle to the side of the pot. Repeat from the other side. Cubes of curd will float in the whey.
- Return the pot to medium heat and stir the curds very gently with a slotted spoon as you heat the whey to 110F. Remove from heat. Set a metal colander over the mixing bowl and use the spon to gently transfer only the curds into the colander. Set the curds aside.
- Return the pot with whey to medium high heat. Add the salt and heat the whey until it reaches 170F, about 10 minutes. If there is any whey in the mixing bowl, add it to the pot. Reduce the heat to medium to keep the whey between 165F and 180F for the next step.
- Transfer half the curds to a medium mixing bowl and set them aside. Submerge the colander with the remaining curds into the hot whey until they get glossy, about 1 minute. Put on heatproof rubber gloves o pick up the curds and firmly squeeze them into a ball over the pot. The ball will release more whey as you squeeze. Put the ball back into the hot whey for 1 minute, then stretch between your hands, folding it back on itself. Put the cheese into the whey again and repeat the process up to three times, until the cheese is soft and glossy and holds together as you stretch it up to 12 inches. The surface of the cheese should be smooth. When you have reached this consistency, you can eat the mozzarella warm, dividing it into little balls if you’d like. Repeat the heating and stretching process with the second half of the curd.
- If you would like to store the cheese, put the balls in a bowl, cover with cool water, and let sit for 5 minutes. Then add ice cubes and keep the mozzarella there for 30 minutes. Remove the cheese from the water and transfer into a covered container.
Makes 50 to 60 crackers
1 cup all purpose flour plus additional flour for the counter
1 cup spelt or whole wheat flour
1/2 tsp baking powder
1/3 cup whole, uncooked millet
1/3 cup ground flax seeds
1/2 tsp kosher salt, plus more for sprinkling
Optional: 5 medium garlic cloves, minced, and 1 tbs minced fresh rosemary
1/2 cup plus two tablespoons olive oil
Freshly ground pepper
- Preheat oven to 350F. In a medium bowl, combine the two flours, baking powder, millet, flax, salt, and garlic and rosemary, if using. Add the olive oil and combine with a fork. Slowly add 1/2 cup water, mixing with your hands as you go. Continue to add more water (up to 1/4 additional water) to the dough until it holds together. Knead the dough with your hands in the bowl for 2 minutes until it is smooth and very workable.
- Turn out the dough onto a floured surface, press into a flat disc, and roll with a rolling pin until the dough is 1/8 to 1/4 inch thick. For square crackers, use a pizza wheel or sharp knife and cut the dough into 2-inch squares, For round crackers, use a 2-inch biscuit cutter. Any leftover dough can be rerolled for more crackers.
- With a spatula, transfer the cut dough to ungreased baking sheets and sprinkle each cracker with salt and pepper. Bake for 20 to 22 minutes, switching the position of the sheets and rotating them midway through, until the crackers are hard to the touch. Transfer to a wire rack.
Storage: covered container, 7 days
Freezer: freezer-safe container or bag, 3 months (recrisp in a 375F oven for 3 minutes)
Cheese Crackers (like Cheez-its)!
Makes 40 to 45 crackers
3 tablespoons unsalted cold butter, cut into 1-inch cubes, plus additional for baking sheets
1 1/2 cups all purpose flour, plus additional for the counter
1 tsp dry mustard powder
1 tsp salt
1 1/2 cups grated cheddar cheese
2 tsp distilled white vinegar
1 ice cube
- Combine the butter, flour, dry mustard, and salt in the bowl of a stand mixer. Mix on low speed with the paddle attachment until the mixture is crumbly and the butter starts to integrate into the mixture, about 30 seconds. Add the cheese and mix again on low speed for a few seconds.
- In a liquid measuring cup, combine 3/4 cup water, the vinegar, and the ice cube and let sit for a moment to get cold. Add 6 tablespoons of the vinegar mixture to the dough and mix on medium speed for 20 seconds. Continue to add liquid, 1 tablespoon at a time, until the dough clings in a ball to the beater. Then mix for an additional 30 seconds. Mound the dough into a ball, wrap it in waxed paper or plastic wrap, and refrigerate for at least 2 hours, and up to 3 days.
- Remove the dough from the fridge 15 minutes before you are ready to roll it out. Preheat the oven to 325F and grease two baking sheets. Turn out the dough onto a floured surface, press into a flat disc, and roll with a rolling pin until the dough is 1/8 to 1/4 inch thick. For square crackers, use a pizza wheel or sharp knife to cut the dough into 2 inch squares. For round crackers, use a 2-inch biscuit cutter. Any leftover dough can be rerolled for more crackers.
- With a spatula, transfer crackers to greased baking sheets, allowing 1 inch between crackers. Bake for 30 minutes, rotating trays halfway through baking, or until the crackers are lightly golden. Turn off the oven, but leave the trays in the oven as it cools for at least one hour.
Storage: Room temp, covered container; 5-7 days.
Freezer: freezer bag, 4 months (recrisp in a 375F oven for 3 minutes)
**All recipes are from Alana Chernila’s The Homemade Pantry**